Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is not a communicable
disease. It is life threatening and never ending. It is due to disorder of endocrine system which
is related to hormone system of the body. Diabetes is mainly divided into types . They are
Causes of Diabetes:
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The signs and symptoms of both the types of diabetes are almost
similar. But they differ in causes. Diabetes in mainly due to body not regulating insulin. Insulin is
produced by the pancreas. Pancreas consists of four types of cells. They are collectively known
as Islet of Langerhans. Among them the beta cells are responsible for secretion of insulin.
The food we eat is converted to sugar in the liver, and it is passed to different parts of the bodythrough blood. The main function of insulin is to act as key and pass the glucose into cells ofliver, fat and muscles where it can be used as fuels or energy.
Due to halt in production of insulin type 1 diabetes occurs whichis due to autoimmune system of the human body which destroys beta cells of pancreas.Type 2 diabetes happens due to the body produces low quantity of insulin or the cells notresponding to the insulin produced by the pancreas this condition is known as insulin resistance.Due to this condition the body doesn’t recognize insulin and do not use it properly.
The glucose remains in the blood and it is harmful for the body. It effects the functioning of
cells. This condition is known as glucose toxicity.
Diabetes diagnosis is done mainly by two
types they are urine and blood test. The urine test shows samples of glucose in it. The blood
test is of three types. In all the types the blood glucose level is high and above normal range.
Type 2 diabetes is due to obesity and lack of intake in physical activities.
Obesity or overweight is the major cause of diabetes in US. 95 percent people are diabetic due
The main Signs and symptoms of diabetes are
Increase in urination mainly at night times
Tingling in hands and feet
Slow wound healing
Weight loss or gain due to unknown reasons
In ignored cases diabetes is more
dangerous and it leads to heart disease like heart attacks, strokes. It may also cause coma and
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